Patient Education

The following list of skin problems are some of the most common disorders that we encounter at Cypress Fairbanks Dermatology. There is a brief discussion below about each condition. If you would like further information on a condition, we have supplied links to reliable websites and information and photographs from Dr. Waidhofer's personal files. We hope you find these materials to be helpful and a further aid in the management of your skin condition.

Acne

Acne is the most frequent skin condition seen at Cypress Fairbanks Dermatology.  The skin erupts when the follicles in the epidermis become clogged and blocked with naturally produced oil. Blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, and even deeper lumps such as cysts or nodules can occur on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders, and upper arms. Severe acne can lead to serious and permanent scarring. About 80% of adolescents have some form of acne and about 5% of adults experience acne.

Websites:

http://www.skincarephysicians.com/acnenet/index.html

http://www.derm-infonet.com

Acne cyst on cheek Acne on forehead Acne, scars and keloids in the back of young man. Pimple on a girls chin OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Actinic Keratoses

Actinic or solar keratoses are considered to be the early precursor form of skin cancer. They occur in sun exposed areas of the head, neck and arms most frequently.  They appear as red scaly spots that may be slightly tender. Many types of treatments exist to eradicate these lesions and hence reduce the risk of skin cancers forming.

Website:

http://www.skincarephysicians.com/actinickeratosesnet/index.html

Man with a sunburn Part of peeling back  Freckles in shoulder Actinic damage OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Birthmarks

A birthmark is a lesion that is present at birth and can consist of many kinds of skin structures. Birthmarks may be composed of blood vessels, pigment cells, lymph vessels, glandular tissues or almost any skin structure.

Website:

www.birthmark.org

Nevus - congenital OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Cysts

A cyst is a sac like structure which contains liquid or semisolid material. Many different types of cysts exist but the most common type is the epidermal (sebaceous) cyst. Treatment usually is surgical.

Website:

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000842.htm

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Epidermal cyst on arm

Dermatitis Herpetiformis

Dermatitis herpetiformis is an extremely itchy, red, blistery skin disease associated with gluten sensitivity. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye and barley that in sensitive patients causes an immune reaction in the upper layers of the skin.

Website:

www.gluten.net

Dermatitis herpetiformis on elbows Dermatitis herpetiformis on breastOLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Dermatitis herpetiformis on scalp

Eczema / Dermatitis

Eczema or dermatitis is a general term encompassing various types of inflamed (swollen, irritated, and itchy)skin conditions. This condition is caused by an altered immune system response to many factors and is often associated with other allergy related conditions. One of the most common forms of eczema is atopic dermatitis (or “atopic eczema”). Approximately 10-20% of the world population is affected by this chronic, relapsing, and very itchy rash at some point during childhood. Other types include hand dermatitis, nummular dermatitis, and seborrheic dermatitis.

Atopic Dermatitis

Dyshidrosis

Websites:

http://www.skincarephysicians.com/eczemanet/index.html

www.nationaleczema.org

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Atopic dermatitis on backs of legs allergic rash dermatitis Atopic dermatitis on back of neck Hand dermatitis - palms OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Hair Loss

There are many causes of hair loss in men and women. Causes range from hormonal disorders, medical problems, hereditary disorders, medications, nutritional problems and hair cosmetic treatments. Determining the reason for hair loss and correcting it can be quite challenging and can involve detective-like searching.

Website:

http://www.aad.org/media/background/factsheets/fact_hair_loss.html

Website for Alopecia areata:

www.naaf.org

 

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Alopecia areata on forearm Androgenic alopecia - extensive Androgenic alopecia - frontal recession OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Herpes Infections

Herpes infection is caused by the herpes simplex viruses types 1 and 2. Herpes lesions appear as painful red raised areas with blisters. Type 1 lesions usually appear as fever blisters around the mouth. Type 2 lesions usually appear in the genital region. Lesions tend to recur and effective oral medications are available to help treat this condition.

Herpes II Graphic  Herpes simplex - primary outbreak  Close up of lips affected by herpes. OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Melanoma

Of all skin cancers, melanoma is the most serious. It is a cancer of the pigment-producing cells in the skin and can spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma is the most common cause of skin cancer related deaths.

Skin cancer (melanoma, mole) on the back of a beautiful woman Melanoma - small Lentigo maligna Melanoma, Mole, Skin Cancer. High definition image. Melanoma Malignant Melanoma Microscope Picture

Moles / Nevi

Moles are brown or black growths, usually round or oval, that can appear anywhere on the skin. They can be rough or smooth, flat or raised, single or in multiples. They occur when pigment cells that are responsible for skin color, known as melanocytes, grow in clusters instead of being spread out across the skin.

Brown birthmark (nevus) on Caucasian woman leg. Nevus - benign Skin mole Hairy skin tag mole

Nail Problems

The nail has been called a window into the general medical condition of a person. Many internal medical problems will present with changes of the nail. Fungal infections account for about half of all nail related problems.

Website:

http://www.aad.org/media/background/factsheets/facts_nails.html

Poison Ivy

Poison ivy is the most common form of contact dermatitis seen at Cypress Fairbanks Dermatology. Springtime is the most common time of the year to get poison ivy when the urge to have a pretty yard hits. There are three members of this family:  Poison ivy, Poison oak and Poison suac.

Poison Ivy

Poison ivy leaves   OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a skin condition that creates red patches of skin with white, flaky scales. It most commonly occurs on the elbows, knees and trunk, but can appear anywhere on the body. It is a chronic condition that cycles through flare-ups and remissions throughout the patient’s life. Psoriasis affects as many as 7.5 million people in the United States.

Websites:

http://www.skincarephysicians.com/psoriasisnet/index.html

www.psoriasis.org

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Psoriasis on elbows   OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA   IMG_0067 Psoriasis

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Histology of psoriasis

 

Rashes

“Rash” is a general term for a wide variety of skin conditions. A rash refers to a change that affects the skin and usually appears as a red patch or small bumps or blisters on the skin.  The website links below contain information about many varied rashes that you can search through for information on your particular rash.

Websites:

http://www.infoderm.com

http://www.dermnet.com/

Ringworm

Ringworm is really a fungus infection of the skin that tends to grow in ringed shapes, also called tinea. Common forms of fungus infections of the skin include athlete’s foot, jock itch and ringworm of the scalp, body or nails. Fungus infections can be transmitted from animals, other people or soil.

Foot fungus OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Tinea capitis - kerion Nail fungus

Rosacea

Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that causes facial redness, acne-like pimples, visible small blood vessels on the face, swelling and/or watery, irritated eyes. This inflammation of the face can affect the cheeks, nose, chin, forehead or eyelids. Other areas that can be affected are the scalp, neck, ears, chest and back.  More than 14 million Americans suffer from rosacea.

Websites:

http://www.skincarephysicians.com/rosaceanet/index.html

www.rosacea.org

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Scabies

Scabies is probably the most itchy skin rash that we see at Cypress Fairbanks Dermatology. It is caused by a microscopic mite that lives under the skin and is highly contagious. Diagnosis can usually be made by skin scraping. The proper treatment regimen is very important to follow in order to cure this problem.

Scabies

Scabies mite

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Scabies burrow

Seborrheic Keratoses

These are noncancerous (benign) skin growths that some people develop as they age. They often appear on the back or chest but are also common on the scalp, face, arms, and legs. Seborrheic keratoses grow slowly, in groups or singly. The appearance of seborrheic keratoses can vary widely. They may be light tan to brown or black. They usually look like they’ve been stuck onto the skin. Seborrheic keratoses may be mistaken for warts, moles, skin tags or skin cancer.

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Shingles

Shingles (herpes zoster) is a painful, blistering skin rash due to the varicella-zoster virus, the virus that causes chickenpox. After someone gets chickenpox, the virus remains inactive (becomes dormant) in certain nerves in the body. Shingles occurs after the virus becomes active again in these nerves years later. The rash of shingles consists of painful red raised areas studded with blisters following a nerve root on one side of the body.

Website:

www.vzvFoundation.org

Herpes zoster schematicshingles virus

Skin Infections

Skin infections can be caused by many different organisms. Bacteria, fungus, viruses and parasites can cause various types of skin infections. Common bacterial infections of the skin include impetigo, boils, folliculitis and cellulitis.

Websites:

http://www.dermnetnz.org/bacterial/impetigo.html 

http://www.dermnetnz.org/bacterial/boils.html

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Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is the most common form of human cancers, affecting more than one million Americans every year. One in five Americans will develop skin cancer at some point in their lives. The main cause of skin cancer is over exposure to sunlight (including tanning). Fair-skinned people who sunburn easily are at a particularly high risk for skin cancer. Skin cancers are generally curable if caught early.

Websites:

http://www.skincarephysicians.com/skincancernet/index.html

www.skincancer.org

Squamous cell carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma u2013with ulcerated center and pearly rolled border Basal cell carcinoma u2013 pearly ,telangiectasia, translucent Leukoplakia Bowen's disease u2013patchy with scale, crusting oozing Squamous cell carcinoma behind ear Squamous cell carcinoma on lip

Skin Tags

Skin tags are a common, benign type of growth that appear on the surface of the skin, often hanging by a stalk. They frequently appear in skin folds of the armpits, neck and groin.

They are also called acrochordons. They are easily removed by electrosurgery or cryosurgery.

Website:

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1060373-overview

Urticaria / Hives

Urticaria is an allergic reaction of the skin that involves histamine release from blood vessels. Common names used for this condition are hives or whelps. The causes are many and varied and treatment usually involves antihistamines.

Urticaria Questionaire

Websites:

http://www.dermnetnz.org/reactions/urticaria.html

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Hives Wheal, sting, bite on the skin

Tinea Versicolor

Tinea versicolor is a common condition often referred to as “sun spots”. It is characterized by white, pink or tan scaly spots usually located on the neck and upper body. The cause is a yeast infection. Treatment involves antifungal washes and occasionally oral medications.

Tinea Versicolor

IMG_3545 Rm. 536 Tinea versicolor IMG_3544 Rm. 536 Tinea versicolor IMG_3548 Rm. 536 Tinea versicolor

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a medical condition that causes the skin to lose color. Vitiligo can develop on any part of the body but commonly begins on hands, forearms, feet, or the face. The disease involves an abnormal immune response to the pigment cells in the skin. Treatment can be quite challenging and often frustrating.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Vitiligo schematic OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Warts and Genital Warts

Warts are small, harmless growths that appear most frequently on the hands and feet. Sometimes they look flat and smooth; other times they have a dome-shaped or cauliflower-like appearance. Warts are caused by different forms of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). They occur in people of all ages and can spread from person-to-person and from one part of the body to another.

Warts on hands wart on thumb

  • Name:Cypress Fairbanks Dermatology
  • Address:10611 Grant Rd.
    Houston, TX 77070
  • Telephone:281-894-7777
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